排列三遗漏统计

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肥料知识98问(上)

2019-08-13


1、什么叫肥料三禾肥料

凡是施于土中或喷洒于作物地上部分,能直接或间接供给作物养分,增加作物产量,改善产品品质或能改良土壤性状,培肥地力的物质,都叫肥料。直接供给作物必需营养的那些肥料称为直接肥料,如氮肥、磷肥、钾肥、微量元素复合肥料都属于这一类。而另一些主要是为了改善土壤物理性质、化学性质和生物性质,从而改善作物的生长条件的肥料称为间接肥料,如石灰、石膏和细菌肥料等就属于这一类。

2、FEILIAOYOUNAXIEZHONGLEI?

n 按化学成分:有机肥料、无机肥料、有机无机肥料;

n ANYANGFENFEN:DANZHIFEILIAO、FUHUN(HE)FEILIAO(DUOYANGFENFEILIAO);

n ANFEIXIAOZUOYONGFANGSHIFEN:SUXIAOFEILIAO、HUANXIAOFEILIAO;

n ANFEILIAOWULIZHUANGKUANGFEN:GUTIFEILIAO、YETIFEILIAO、QITIFEILIAO;

n ANFEILIAODEHUAXUEXINGZHIFEN:JIANXINGFEILIAO、SUANXINGFEILIAO、ZHONGXINGFEILIAO;

3、SHENMESHIHUAXUEFEILIAO?

从狭义来说,化学肥料是指用化学方法生产的肥料;从广义来说,化学肥料是指工业生产的一切无机肥及缓效肥。所以一些人只把氮肥叫做化肥是不全面的,化肥是氮、磷、钾、复合肥的总称。

4、SHENMEJIAOYOUJIFEILIAO?

排列三遗漏统计YOUJIFEILIAOSHINONGCUNLIYONGGEZHONGLAIYUANYUDONGZHIWUCANTIHUORENCHUPAIXIEWUDENGYOUJIWULIAO,JIUDIJIZHIHUOZHIJIEGENGMAISHIYONGDEYILEIZIRANFEILIAO,XIGUANSHANGYECHENGZUONONGJIAFEILIAO。

5、YOUJIFEILIAOFENWEIDUOSHAOLEI?

YOUJIFEILIAODAZHIKEGUINAWEIYIXIASILEI:(1)FENNIAOFEI:BAOKUORENCHUFENNIAOJIJIUFEI、QINFEN、HAINIAOFENYIJICANSHADENG。(2)DUIOUFEI:BAOKUODUIFEI、OUFEI、JIEGANYIJIZHAOQIFEILIAO。(3)LVFEI:BAOKUOZAIPEILVFEIHEYESHENGLVFEI。(4)ZAFEI:BAOKUONITANJIFUZHISUANLEIFEILIAO、YOUPOLEI、NITULEIFEILIAOYIJIHAIFEIDENG。

排列三遗漏统计6、HUAXUEFEILIAOYUYOUJIFEILIAOYOUSHENMECHABIE?

(1)YOUJIFEILIAOHANYOUDALIANGDEYOUJIZHI,JUYOUMINGXIANDEGAITUPEIFEIZUOYONG;HUAXUEFEILIAOZHINENGTIGONGZUOWUWUJIYANGFEN,ZHANGQISHIYONGHUIDUITURANGZAOCHENGBULIANGYINGXIANG,SHITURANG“YUEZHONGYUECHAN”。

(2)YOUJIFEILIAOHANYOUDUOZHONGYANGFEN,SUOHANYANGFENQUANMIANPINGHENG;ERHUAFEISUOHANYANGFENZHONGLEIDANYI,ZHANGQISHIYONGRONGYIZAOCHENGTURANGHESHIPINZHONGDEYANGFENBUPINGHENG。

(3)YOUJIFEILIAOYANGFENHANLIANGDI,XUYAODALIANGSHIYONG,ERHUAXUEFEILIAOYANGFENHANLIANGGAO,SHIYONGLIANGSHAO。

(4)YOUJIFEILIAOFEIXIAOSHIJIANZHANG;HUAXUEFEILIAOFEIXIAOQIDUANERMENG,RONGYIZAOCHENGYANGFENLIUSHI,WURANHUANJING。

(5)YOUJIFEILIAOLAIYUANYUZIRAN,FEILIAOZHONGMEIYOURENHEHUAXUEHECHENGWUZHI,ZHANGQISHIYONGKEYIGAISHANNONGCHANPINPINZHI;HUAXUEFEILIAOSHUCHUNHUAXUEHECHENGWUZHI,SHIYONGBUDANGNENGJIANGDINONGCHANPINPINZHI。

排列三遗漏统计(6)YOUJIFEILIAOZAISHENGCHANJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHIYAOJINGGUOCHONGFENDEFUSHUCHULI,SHIYONGHOUBIANKETIGAOZUOWUDEKANGHAN、KANGBING、KANGCHONGNENGLI,JIANSHAONONGYAODESHIYONGLIANG;ZHANGQISHIYONGHUAFEI,YOUYUJIANGDILEZHIWUDEMIANYILI,WANGWANGXUYAODALIANGDEHUAXUENONGYAOWEICHIZUOWUSHENGZHANG,RONGYIZAOCHENGSHIPINZHONGYOUHAIWUZHIZENGJIA。

(7)有机肥料中含有大量的有益微生物,可以促进土壤中的生物转化过程,有利于土壤肥力的不断提高;长期大量施用化学肥料可抑制土壤微生物的活动,导致土壤的自动调节能力下降。

7、什么是BB肥

排列三遗漏统计BBFEIMINGCHENGLAIYUANYUYINGWENBulk Blending Fertilizer,YOUCHENGCHANHUNFEI,TASHIBADANZHIFEILIAO(HUODUOYUANFEILIAO)ANYIDINGBILICHANHUNERCHENG。

排列三遗漏统计8、BBFEITEDIANSHISHENME?

BBFEITEDIANSHIDANLINJIAJIWEILIANGYUANSUDEBILIRONGYIDIAOZHENG,KEYIGENJUYONGHUXUYAOSHENGCHANCHUGEZHONGGUIGEDEZHUANYONGFEI,BIJIAOSHIHECETUPEIFANGSHIFEIDEXUYAO。

排列三遗漏统计9、CHANGYONGDEDANFEIPINZHONGFENWEINAJILEI?

排列三遗漏统计CHANGYONGDEDANFEIPINZHONGDAZHIFENWEIANTAI、XIAOTAI、ANTAIXIAOTAIHEXIANANTAIDANFEISIZHONGLEIXING。JIN20NIANLAIYOUYANZHICHUZHANGXIAODANFEI(HUOHUANXIAODANFEI)XINPINZHONG。ZHANGXIAODANFEIBAOKUOQUANCHENGYOUJIDANFEIHEBAOMODANFEILIANGLEI。

排列三遗漏统计10、DANFEIZHUYAOYOUNAXIEPINZHONG?

GELEIDANFEIZHUYAOPINZHONGRUXIA:

(1)ANTAIDANFEI:YOULIUSUANAN、LVHUAAN、TANSUANQINGAN、ANSHUIHEYETIAN;

(2)XIAOTAIDANFEI:YOUXIAOSUANNA、XIAOSUANGAI;

(3) 铵态硝态氮肥:有硝酸铵、硝酸铵钙硫硝酸铵

(4)XIANANTAIDANFEI:YOUNIAOSU、QINGANHUAGAI(SHIHUIDAN)。

排列三遗漏统计11、CHANGYONGDELINFEIPINZHONGFENWEINAJILEI?

排列三遗漏统计(1)SHUIRONGXINGLINFEI。ZHUYAOYOUPUTONGGUOLINSUANGAI、ZHONGGUOLINSUANGAIHELINSUANAN(LINSUANYIAN、LINSUANERAN)。LINSUANERQINGJIA。

(2)HUNRONGXINGLINFEI。ZHIXIAOSUANLINFEI,YESHIYIZHONGDANLINERYUANFUHEFEILIAO。

排列三遗漏统计(3)JURONGXINGLINFEI。BAOKUOGAIMEILINFEI、LINSUANQINGGAI、CHENDIANLINFEIHEGANGZHALINFEIDENG。

(4)NANRONGXINGLINFEI。RULINKUANGFEN、GUFENHELINZHIHAINIAOFENDENG,ZHIRONGYUQIANGSUAN,BURONGYUSHUI。

12、CHANGYONGDELINFEIPINZHONGTEXINGRUHE?

(1)SHUIRONGXINGLINFEISHIHEYUGEZHONGTURANG、GEZHONGZUOWU,DANHAOYONGYUZHONGXINGHESHIHUIXINGTURANG。QIZHONGLINSUANANSHIDANLINERYUANFUHEFEILIAO,QIELINHANLIANGGAO,WEIDANDE3~4BEI,ZAISHIYONGSHI,CHUDOUKEZUOWUWAI,DADUOSHUZUOWUZHIJIESHIYONGBIXUPEISHIDANFEI,DIAOZHENGDAN、LINBILI,FOUZE,HUIZAOCHENGLANGFEIHUOYOUYUDANLINSHIYONGBILIBUDANGYINQIJIANCHAN。

(2)HUNRONGXINGLINFEIZUISHIYIZAIHANDISHIYONG,ZAISHUITIANHESUANXINGTURANGSHIYONGYIYINQITUODANSUNSHI。

排列三遗漏统计(3)JURONGXINGLINFEIBURONGYUSHUI,DANZAITURANGZHONGNENGBEIRUOSUANRONGJIE,JINERBEIZUOWUXISHOULIYONG。ERZAISHIHUIXINGJIANXINGTURANGZHONG,YUTURANGZHONGDEGAIJIEHE,XIANGNANRONGXINGLINSUANFANGXIANGZHUANHUA,JIANGDILINDEYOUXIAOXING,YINCI,SHIYONGYUZAISUANXINGTURANGZHONGSHIYONG。

(4)NANRONGXINGLINFEISHIRUTURANGHOU,ZHUYAOKAOTURANGDESUANSHITAMANMANRONGJIE,BIANCHENGZUOWUNENGLIYONGDEXINGTAI,FEIXIAOHENMAN,DANHOUXIAOHENZHANG。SHIYONGYUSUANXINGTURANG,YONGZUOJIFEI,YEKEYUYOUJIFEILIAODUIFUHUOYUHUAXUESUANXING、SHENGLISUANXINGFEILIAOPEIHESHIYONG,XIAOGUOJIAOHAO。

排列三遗漏统计13、SHENMESHIHUANXIAOFEILIAO?

??YANGFENSUOCHENGDEHUAHEWUHUOWULIZHUANGTAI,NENGZAIYIDUANSHIJIANNEIHUANMANSHIFANGGONGZHIWUCHIXUXISHOULIYONGDEFEILIAO。HUANSHISHIZHIHUAXUEWUZHIYANGFENSHIFANGSULVYUANXIAOYUSUXIAOXINGFEILIAOSHIRUTURANGHOUZHUANBIANWEIZHIWUYOUXIAOTAIYANGFENDESHIFANGSULV。

14、SHENMESHIBAOMOFEILIAO?

排列三遗漏统计WEIGAISHANFEILIAOGONGXIAOHE(HUO)XINGNENG,ZAIQIKELIBIAOMIANTUYIQITAWUZHIBOCENGZHICHENGDEFEILIAO。

排列三遗漏统计15、SHENMESHIFEILIAOPINWEI?

YIBAIFENSHUBIAOSHIDEFEILIAOYANGFENHANLIANG。

16、SHENMESHIDANYIFEILIAO?

DAN、LIN、JIASANZHONGYANGFENZHONG,JINJUYOUYIZHONGYANGFENBIAOMINGLIANGDEDANFEI、LINFEIHUOJIAFEIDETONGCHENG。

17、SHENMESHIFUHEFEI?

排列三遗漏统计ZAIYIZHONGHUAXUEFEILIAOZHONG,TONGSHIHANYOUN、P、KDENGZHUYAOYINGYANGYUANSUZHONGDELIANGZHONGHUOLIANGZHONGYISHANGCHENGFENDEFEILIAO,CHENGWEIFUHEFEILIAO。HANLIANGZHONGZHUYAOYINGYANGYUANSUDEJIAOERYUANFUHEFEILIAO,HANSANZHONGZHUYAOYINGYANGYUANSUDEJIAOSANYUANFUHEFEILIAO,HANSANZHONGYISHANGYINGYANGYUANSUDEJIAODUOYUANFUHEFEILIAO。

18、FUHEFEIDEYANGFENHANLIANGRUHEBIAOSHI?

FUHEFEILIAOXIGUANSHANGYONGN-P2O5-K2OXIANGYINGDEBAIFENHANLIANGLAIBIAOSHIQICHENGFEN。RUOMOUZHONGFUHEFEILIAOZHONGHANN10%,HANP2O520%,HANK2O10%,ZEGAIFUHEFEILIAOBIAOSHIWEI10-20-10。YOUDEZAIK2OHANLIANGSHUHOUHAIBIAOYOUS,RU12-24-12(S),JIBIAOSHIQIZHONGHANYOUK2SO4。

SANYUANFUHEFEILIAOZHONGMEIZHONGYANGFENDIBUSHAOYU4%,YIBANZONGHANLIANGZAI25%~60%FANWEINEI。ZONGHANLIANGZAI25%~30%DEWEIDINONGDUFUHEFEI,30%~40%DEWEIZHONGNONGDUFUHEFEI,DAYU40%DEWEIGAONONGDUFUHEFEI。

排列三遗漏统计19、FUHUNFEIYUFUHEFEIDEQUBIE

(1)ZHIXINGBIAOZHUNBUTONG:GUOJIAZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUFALVGUIDING,SHENGCHANFUHUNFEIZHIXINGDEBIAOZHUNSHI《FUHUNFEILIAO》QIANGZHIXINGGUOJIABIAOZHUN。ERSHENGCHANFUHEFEIZHIXINGDEDOUSHIYOUSHENGCHANQIYEQICAOWANCHENGHOUSONGSHENGJIZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUJUBEIANDEQIYEBIAOZHUN。

排列三遗漏统计(2)SHENGCHANGONGYIBUTONG:FUHUNFEIDESHENGCHANGONGYIBIJIAOJIANDAN,TONGCHANGSHIJIANGNIAOSU、GUOLINSUANGAI、LVHUAJIATONGGUOJIXIEHUNYUNJIAGONG,YIBANBUXUYAOLIYONGANGGUIHUAXUESHENGCHANSHEBEI。ERFUHEFEIQUESHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGLIYONGHUAXUEFANYINGZHICHENGDE,WANCHENGZHEIYIGUOCHENGXUYAOFUZADEJISHUHEJIAZHIANGGUIDEHUAGONGSHEBEI。

(3)JIANDUGUANLIXINGSHIBUTONG:YOUYUSHENGCHANFUHUNFEIYIBANWUXUANGGUIDEHUAGONGSHEBEI,YICICHONGHAO,YIJIACHONGZHENXIANGDUIRONGYI。WEIBAOHUNONGMINDELIYI,GUOJIAZHILIANGJISHUJIANDUBUMENSHIXING《GONGYECHANPINSHENGCHANXUKEZHENG》JIANDUGUANLI。ERFUHEFEISHENGCHANWUXUCIZHENG。

image.png

排列三遗漏统计20.FUHEFEILIAOYOUNAXIETEDIAN?

FUHEFEILIAODEYOUDIAN:YOUXIAOCHENGFENGAO,YANGFENZHONGLEIDUO;FUCHENGFENSHAO,DUITURANGBULIANGYINGXIANGXIAO;SHENGCHANCHENGBENDI;WULIXINGZHUANGHAO。

FUHEFEILIAODEQUEDIAN:YANGFENBILIGUDING,HENNANSHIYUGEZHONGTURANGHEGEZHONGZUOWUDEBUTONGXUYAO,CHANGYAOYONGDANZHIFEILIAOBUCHONGDIAOJIE。

21、什么是微生物肥料?

WEISHENGWUFEILIAOSHIZHIYONGTEDINGWEISHENGWUJUNZHONGPEIYANGSHENGCHANDEJUYOUHUOXINGWEISHENGWUDEZHIJI。TAWUDUWUHAI、BUWURANHUANJING,TONGGUOTEDINGWEISHENGWUDESHENGMINGHUOLINENGZENGJIAZHIWUDEYINGYANGHUOCHANSHENGZHIWUSHENGZHANGJISU,CUJINZHIWUSHENGZHANG。

22、ZUOWUBIXUNAXIEYINGYANGYUANSU?

排列三遗漏统计FANSHIZHIWUZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANGFAYUBIBUKESHAODEYUANSU,JIAOZUOBIXUYINGYANGYUANSU。XIANZAIZAIZHIWUTIZHONGYIFAXIANLE70ZHONGYISHANGDEYUANSU,DANBINGBUDOUSHIZHIWUBIXUYINGYANGYUANSU。GENJUYANJIU,BIXUYINGYANGYUANSUYOU16ZHONG,TAMENSHI:TAN(C)、QING(H)、YANG(O)、DAN(N)、JIA(K)、LIN(P)、GAI(Ca)、MEI(Mg)、LIU(S)、TIE(Fe)、MENG(Mn)、XIN(Zn)、PENG(B)、MU(Mo)、TONG(Cu)、LV(Cl)。

23、哪些营养元素叫做大量元素

ZHIWUSHENGZHANGFAYUBIXUSHANGSHU16ZHONGYUANSU,DANDUIQIXUYAOLIANGYOUHENDACHABIE,XIGUANSHANGBATAN、QING、YANG、DAN、LIN、JIACHENGWEIDALIANGYUANSU。

24、哪些营养元素叫做中量元素

ZHIWUSHENGZHANGFAYUBIXUSHANGSHU16ZHONGYUANSUZHONG,BAXUYAOLIANGZHONGDENGDEGAI、MEI、LIUCHENGZUOZHONGLIANGYUANSU。

排列三遗漏统计25、NAXIEYINGYANGYUANSUJIAOZUOWEILIANGYUANSU?

BAXUYAOLIANGSHAODE,HANLIANGZAI0.01%YIXIADEQIYU7ZHONGYUANSUCHENGWEIWEILIANGYUANSU。

26、NAXIEYINGYANGYUANSUJIAOZUO“FEILIAOSANYAOSU”?

排列三遗漏统计ZHIWUDUIDAN、LIN、JIAXUYAOJIAODUO,ERTURANGYOUWANGWANGBUNENGMANZUZUOWUDEXUYAO,JINGCHANGYAOTONGGUOSHIFEILAIGONGYINGZUOWUDEXUYAO,GUCHENGTAMENWEI“FEILIAOSANYAOSU”。

27、SHENMESHISHENGWUFEI

YIYOUJIRONGYEHUOCAOMUHUIDENGYOUJIWUWEIZAITIJIEZHONGYOUYIWEISHENGWUERXINGCHENGDEYILEIFEILIAO。ZHUYAOGONGNENGCHENGFENWEIWEISHENGWUJUN。GUOJIYAOQIUSHENGWUSHULIANGBUDIYU2YIGE/KE。TABENSHENBUNENGZHIJIEZUOWEIFEILIAOTIGONGYANGFEN。

28、SHENGWUFEIDELEIXINGYOUNAXIE?

ANZUOYONGJILIFENLIANGDALEI:YILEISHIWEISHENGWUJUNSHIRUTURANGHOU,ZAITURANGHUANJINGZHONGDALIANGFANZHI,CHENGWEIZUOWUGENQUYOUSHIJUNZHU,ZENGJIATURANGKUANGWUYANGFENDEFENJIE、SHIFANG,TIGAOTURANGYANGFENGONGYINGNENGLI。LINGYILEISHIWEISHENGWUSHIRUTURANGHOU,TONGGUOWEISHENGWUQUXIDEBIANHUAHUOFENMIWUDEYINGXIANG,GAIBIANZUOWUGENQUHUANJING,CUJINZUOWUGENXIFAYU,TIGAOZUOWUXISHOULIYONGYANGFENNENGLI。

29、SHENMESHISHENGWUYOUJIFEI?

排列三遗漏统计ZAIYOUJIFEISHANGJIEZHONGYOUYIWEISHENGWUERCHENGDEFEILIAO。JIANJUJINGZHIYOUJIFEIHESHENGWUFEIDETEDIAN。

排列三遗漏统计30、SHENMESHIJINGZHIYOUJIFEI?

一般由农作物秸秆或禽畜粪便经腐熟、发酵、灭菌、混拌、粉碎等工艺加工而成。原料多来自于农业废弃物。主要功能成分为有机物,含量多在50%以上。

排列三遗漏统计31、SHENMESHIYOUJIWUJIFUHEFEI?

ZAICHONGFENFUSHU、FAJIAOHAODEYOUJIWUZHONGJIARUYIDINGBILIDEHUAFEI,CHONGFENHUNYUNBINGJINGGONGYIZAOLIERCHENGDEFUHUNFEILIAO。ZHUYAOGONGNENGCHENGFENWEIYOUJIWU、DAN、LIN、JIAYANGFEN。YIBANYOUJIWUHANLIANG20%YISHANG,DAN、LIN、JIAZONGYANGFEN20%YISHANG。

32、SHENMESHIYEMIANFEI?

排列三遗漏统计ZAIZUOWUSHENGZHANGQIJIANSHIYUZUOWUYEMIANDEFEILIAO。YIBANFENWEIDALIANGYUANSUYEMIANFEI、WEILIANGYUANSUYEMIANFEI、FUZHISUANYEMIANFEI、ANJISUANYEMIANFEI。


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